What is meant by translation in science?

Translation is the process by which a protein is synthesized from the information contained in a molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA).

What is a translation simple definition?

Translation means to copy writing or speech from one language into a different language. The people who do translation are called translators. A translator who is copying a book into another language may use a language dictionary to find out how a word is written in another language.

What happens during translation in science?

What is translation in biology example?

But what is translation in biology? In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a particular sequence of amino acids. In both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, it takes place on the ribosomes.

What is meant by translation in science? – Related Questions

What is translation and example?

The definition of a translation is an interpretation from one language or situation to another. An example of a translation is “bueno” meaning “good” in Spanish. An example of a translation is telling a parent the meaning behind their teen’s facial expression.

Which answer best describes translation?

Correct answer:

Translation refers to the processing of an mRNA script into a protein. This process utilizes ribosomes and tRNA. In translation, messenger RNA (which is produced by transcription from DNA) is decoded by a ribosome to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide.

How do you use translation in a sentence?

Translation sentence example. He found her translation of the piece breathtaking. Instantly the translation came back. The translation of Aristotle’s Politics, the revision of Plato, and, above all, the translation of Thucydides many times revised, occupied several years.

What does translation involve in biology?

Translation involves “decoding” a messenger RNA (mRNA) and using its information to build a polypeptide, or chain of amino acids. For most purposes, a polypeptide is basically just a protein (with the technical difference being that some large proteins are made up of several polypeptide chains).

What is translation of DNA?

DNA translation is the term used to describe the process of protein synthesis by ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum. Image Credit: nobeastsofierce / Shutterstock. The genetic information in DNA is used as a basis to create messenger RNA (mRNA) by transcription.

What are the 4 steps of translation?

Then during translation, the mRNA guides the assembly of the amino acids into the particular sequence. Translation proceeds in four phases: Activation, initiation, elongation, and termination, all describing the growth of the amino acid chain, or polypeptide, that is the product of translation.

What is the purpose of translation?

Translation, understood as the transfer of meaning (of a text) from one language into another language, is crucial for the transmission of information, knowledge and (social) innovations.

What’s the process of translation?

During translation, proteins are made using the information stored in the mRNA sequence. The mRNA attaches to a structure called a ribosome that can read the genetic information.

What are the 5 main steps of translation?

Or our slide show:
  • Step 1: Scope out the text to be translated. The first step is to get a feel for the text you’re going to translate.
  • Step 2: Initial translation.
  • Step 3: Review the accuracy of the translation.
  • Step 4: Take a break.
  • Step 5: Refine translation wording.
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What are the 7 steps of translation?

The 7 steps in the process of translation needed for obtaining a high-quality result
  • Preliminary research before translating.
  • Translation of the text.
  • Proofreading of the translation.
  • Spell check.
  • Quality assurance.
  • Desktop publishing of the document.
  • Final revision before submission.

How do translations work?

Here are several steps you should take to become a professional translator: Become fluent in another language. Get specialized training.

  1. Become fluent in another language.
  2. Get specialized training.
  3. Become certified.
  4. Target a specific industry and learn the terminology.
  5. Gain work experience.

Where does translation happen?

Where Translation Occurs. Within all cells, the translation machinery resides within a specialized organelle called the ribosome. In eukaryotes, mature mRNA molecules must leave the nucleus and travel to the cytoplasm, where the ribosomes are located.

What is the first step of translation?

The process of translation can be broken down into three stages. The first stage is initiation. In this step, a special “initiator” tRNA carrying the amino acid methionine binds to a special site on the small subunit of the ribosome (the ribosome is composed of two subunits, the small subunit and the large subunit).

What are the three stages in the process of translation?

Have you ever wondered what the main stages of the translation process are? Although it may seem like a one-way from start to finish, in reality, when it comes down to it, three stages sum it up: translating, editing, and proofreading.

What does translation produce?

In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded in a ribosome, outside the nucleus, to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide. The polypeptide later folds into an active protein and performs its functions in the cell.

What is difference between translation and transcription?

The primary difference between translation and transcription is that translation involves converting material into another language, while transcription involves only the source language.

What is the purpose of translation and transcription?

The purpose of transcription is to make RNA copies of individual genes that the cell can use in the biochemistry. The purpose of translation is to synthesize proteins, which are used for millions of cellular functions. Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template.


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