What is infectious disease and examples?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by living organisms like viruses and bacteria. Described as contagious, they can be passed from person to person through body secretions, insects or other means. Examples are SARS, influenza, the common cold, tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis A and B.

What are 5 common infectious diseases?

What are common infectious diseases?
  • Common cold.
  • The flu (influenza).
  • COVID-19.
  • Stomach flu (gastroenteritis).
  • Hepatitis.
  • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

What is infectious disease Class 9?

Infectious diseases are diseases that are caused by pathogens and are capable of spreading from a diseased person to a healthy person.

What are the 6 types of infectious diseases?

6 infectious disease types that continue to burden US
  • Rima F.
  • Vaccine preventable diseases.
  • HAIs.
  • Zoonotic and vector-borne diseases.
  • Foodborne illness.
  • HIV and STIs.
  • Chronic hepatitis.
  • For more information:

What is infectious disease and examples? – Related Questions

What are 10 examples of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be any of the following:
  • Chickenpox.
  • Common cold.
  • Diphtheria.
  • E. coli.
  • Giardiasis.
  • HIV/AIDS.
  • Infectious mononucleosis.
  • Influenza (flu)

What are the 20 common diseases?

20 most commonly Googled diseases
  • Diabetes.
  • Depression.
  • Anxiety.
  • Hemorrhoid.
  • Yeast infection.
  • Lupus.
  • Shingles.
  • Psoriasis.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

The four different categories of infectious agents are bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. When studying these agents, researchers isolate them using certain characteristics: Size of the infectious agent.

Other common viruses include:

  • Common cold.
  • Norovirus.
  • Stomach flu.
  • Hepatitis.

What are the six causes of disease?

Causes
  • Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.
  • Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
  • Fungi.
  • Parasites.
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What are the 4 types of diseases?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases.

What are the 10 bacterial diseases?

Diseases caused by Bacteria
  • Tetanus. Causative agent: Clostridium tetani.
  • Tuberculosis. Causative agent: Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
  • Pneumonia. Causative agent: Klebsiella pneumoniae.
  • Cholera. Causative agent: Vibrio cholerae.
  • Dysentery. Causative agent: genus Shigella.
  • Pseudomonas Infection.
  • Gonorrhea.
  • Syphilis.

What are 5 diseases caused by fungi?

Other diseases and health problems caused by fungi
  • Aspergillosis. About. Symptoms.
  • Blastomycosis. About. Symptoms.
  • Candidiasis. Candida infections of the mouth, throat, and esophagus. Vaginal candidiasis.
  • Candida auris.
  • Coccidioidomycosis. About. Symptoms.
  • C. neoformans Infection. About.
  • C. gattii Infection.
  • Fungal Eye Infections. About.

What bacteria can cause death?

The bacteria and viruses that cause the most illnesses, hospitalizations, or deaths in the United States are described below and include:
  • Campylobacter.
  • Clostridium perfringens.
  • E. coli.
  • Listeria.
  • Norovirus.
  • Salmonella.

What is a common antibiotic?

The main types of antibiotics include: Penicillins – for example, phenoxymethylpenicillin, flucloxacillin and amoxicillin. Cephalosporins – for example, cefaclor, cefadroxil and cefalexin. Tetracyclines – for example, tetracycline, doxycycline and lymecycline. Aminoglycosides – for example, gentamicin and tobramycin.

Which drug is best for infection?

Infection Treatment Medicine

Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics such as amoxicillin, erythromycin and ciprofloxacin. There are many different types of antibiotic, with different ways of working; the choice depends on the type of infection you have.

What is the strongest antibiotic?

The world’s last line of defense against disease-causing bacteria just got a new warrior: vancomycin 3.0. Its predecessor—vancomycin 1.0—has been used since 1958 to combat dangerous infections like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

What are the 7 types of antibiotics?

In this portal, antibiotics are classified into one of the following classes: penicillins, fluoroquinolones, cephalosporins, macrolides, beta-lactams with increased activity (e.g. amoxicillin-clavulanate), tetracyclines, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, lincosamides (e.g. clindamycin), urinary anti-infectives, and other

What antibiotic treats all infection?

There is no one type of antibiotic that cures every infection. Antibiotics specifically treat infections caused by bacteria, such as Staph., Strep., or E. coli., and either kill the bacteria (bactericidal) or keep it from reproducing and growing (bacteriostatic). Antibiotics do not work against any viral infection.

What is the best injection for infection?

Gentamicin injection is used to treat serious bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. Gentamicin belongs to the class of medicines known as aminoglycoside antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth.

Can I take 2 different antibiotics together?

One way to fight a particularly stubborn infection is to prescribe two drugs at once that attack it in alternate ways—for example, two antibiotics can disrupt two different parts of the bacteria’s protein-building machinery.

What to avoid while on antibiotics?

What’s more, eating high-fiber foods, fermented foods and prebiotic foods after taking antibiotics may also help reestablish a healthy gut microbiota. However, it is best to avoid grapefruit and calcium-fortified foods during antibiotics, as these can affect the absorption of antibiotics.

What should you not do while taking antibiotics?

The Do’s and Don’ts of Taking Antibiotics
  1. Don’t: Drink Alcohol.
  2. Do: Take your prescription at the same time every day.
  3. Don’t: Take antibiotics with milk or fruit juice.
  4. Do: Protect yourself from the sun.
  5. Don’t: Hesitate to talk to your doctor about your concerns.
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