What is equilibrium simple words?

: a state of balance between opposing forces or actions that is either static (as in a body acted on by forces whose resultant is zero) or dynamic (as in a reversible chemical reaction when the velocities in both directions are equal)

What is equilibrium explain with example?

Equilibrium is defined as a state of balance or a stable situation where opposing forces cancel each other out and where no changes are occurring. An example of equilibrium is in economics when supply and demand are equal. An example of equilibrium is when you are calm and steady.

What is a real life example of equilibrium?

Some everyday examples of equilibrium include: a car at rest at a stop sign, a car moving at a constant speed, two people balancing on a see-saw, two objects at equal temperature, two objects with the same charge density and the population of a species staying the same.

What are the 3 types of equilibrium?

There are three types of equilibrium: stable, unstable, and neutral. Figures throughout this module illustrate various examples.

What is equilibrium simple words? – Related Questions

Why is the equilibrium important?

Equilibrium is important to create both a balanced market and an efficient market. If a market is at its equilibrium price and quantity, then it has no reason to move away from that point, because it’s balancing the quantity supplied and the quantity demanded.

What are the 4 factors that affect equilibrium?

The temperature, pressure, and concentration of the system are all factors that affect equilibrium. When one of these factors changes, the equilibrium of the system is disrupted, and the system readjusts itself until it returns to equilibrium.

Why do we study equilibrium?

Solution. Knowledge of chemical equilibrium allows us to predict the direction of chemical reactions and calculate the composition of the final reaction mixture. This allows to control the reaction conditions to favor the formation of desired products.

What are the 4 types of equilibrium state?

5.6: Types of Equilibrium
  • Stable Equilibrium.
  • Unstable Equilibrium.
  • Metastable Equilibrium.
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What are the different types of equilibrium in chemistry?

There are two types of chemical equilibrium: Homogeneous Equilibrium. Heterogeneous Equilibrium.

What are the types of general equilibrium?

In other words, an industry is in equilibrium when all firms are earning only normal profits.
  • Static equilibrium is of three types:
  • Dynamic equilibrium is of two types.
  • (1) Convergent Cob-web.
  • (2) Divergent Cob-Web.
  • (3) Continuous cob-web.

What is stable equilibrium and unstable equilibrium?

It is defined as the state of rest due to the equal action of the opposing forces. Stable equilibrium: When a particle is displaced slightly from a position, then a force acting on it brings it back to the initial position, it is said to be in stable equilibrium position.

What are the two main conditions for equilibrium?

The sum or resultant of all external forces acting on the body must be equal to zero. The sum or resultant of all external torques from external forces acting on the object must be zero.

What is the difference between stability and equilibrium?

If a system in equilibrium is disturbed slightly, then if it is stable it tends to return to or oscillate about its original equilibrium state. An unstable system tends to continue to move away from its original equilibrium state when perturbed from it.

What conditions must be present for equilibrium to occur?

Two conditions of equilibrium must be satisfied to ensure that an object remains in static equilibrium. Firstly, the net force acting upon the object must be zero. Secondly, the net torque acting upon the object must also be zero.

What happens when equilibrium is reached?

When is equilibrium reached? When, in a closed system, the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are occurring in equal rates and there is no change in concentration of reactants and products.

How is equilibrium achieved?

Equilibrium is achieved when the forward rate of a reaction is equal to the reverse rate of a reaction. This very simple principle can be observed in a closed container of liquid. In the container the liquid has vapor pressure that is influenced by the pressure above the liquid.

How do you know when equilibrium is reached?

If K > Q, a reaction will proceed forward, converting reactants into products. If K < Q, the reaction will proceed in the reverse direction, converting products into reactants. If Q = K then the system is already at equilibrium.

How do you explain equilibrium to a child?

What is equilibrium of a reaction?

A chemical reaction is in equilibrium when there is no tendency for the quantities of reactants and products to change. The direction in which we write a chemical reaction (and thus which components are considered reactants and which are products) is arbitrary.

What is true equilibrium?

At equilibrium, the concentrations (or composition) of all the reactants and products involved remain unchanged i.e., amount of reactants and products do not change with time. At equilibrium, the rate of forward reaction becomes equal to the rate of backward reaction.

How do you understand equilibrium in chemistry?


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