Crop science is the study of the world’s major food, feed, turf, and fiber crops and their environment. It is a broad discipline encompassing breeding, genetics, production, and management.
What is the difference between crop science and plant science?
Plant Sciences deals with the study of plants by gaining knowledge of plant morphology, biogeography, classification, histology (microscopic structure), physiology, and plant pathology. Crop Sciences study ways of improving crops and agricultural productivity while effectively managing pests.
Why there is a need to study crop science?
In order to maintain profitable production of useful industrial crops, the Crop Science research focus area is equipped to study the importance of soil and crop cultivation practices in different environments on the growth, yield and quality of our mandated crops.
What have you learn in crop science?
Crop Science is a four-year course under the Bachelor of Science in Agriculture program. The course includes basic agricultural courses such as soil science, genetics, plant breeding, plant physiology, cereals, and other elective subjects on plantation and ornamental crops.
What is crop science in simple words? – Related Questions
What are the two major division of Crop Science?
Agronomy is the application of plant and soil science to crop production. Horticulture is the science and art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants.
What is the importance of crop production?
Importance of Crop Production
Agronomic crops provide the food, feed grain, oil, and fiber for domestic consumption and are a major component of U.S. export trade. Horticultural plants — those grown specifically for human use — offer variety to human diets and enhance the living environment.
What is the role of Crop Science in increasing crop production?
Closely related to agronomy, the field of crop science focuses on agricultural productivity of crops for livestock and human consumption. Crop scientists often use biotechnology, chemicals and genetic modifications to maintain and improve crop production, enhance nutritional value and help crops withstand pesticides.
What is the contribution of Crop Science in the Philippine agricultural sector?
Involving about 40 percent of Filipino workers, it contributes an average of 20 percent to the Gross Domestic Product. This output comes mainly from agribusiness, which in turn accounts for about 70 percent of the total agricultural output (CIDA-LGSP, 2003). The main agricultural enterprise is crop cultivation.
What is the study of crop production?
agricultural sciences, sciences dealing with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production, and the processing of plant and animal products for human consumption and use.
What are the 3 types of crops?
Based on seasons, the crops in India are divided into three types: Rabi, Kharif and Zaid.
- Grown between March-June between Rabi and Kharif crop seasons.
- Early maturing crops.
- Example: Cucumber, Bitter Gourd, Pumpkin, Watermelon, Muskmelon, Moong Dal etc.
What are the 4 types of agriculture?
There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;
- Livestock production.
- Crop production.
- agricultural economics.
- agricultural engineering.
What are the 7 steps of crop production?
The 7 steps involved in agricultural practices are mentioned below:
- Adding nutrients.
- Protecting plants.
What are the types of crop?
By use, crops fall into six categories: food crops, feed crops, fiber crops, oil crops, ornamental crops, and industrial crops.
What are 3 importance of agriculture?
Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another.
What are the types of farming?
The different types of farming are as follows:
- Dairy Farming.
- Commercial Farming.
- Plantation Farming.
- Commercial grain farming.
- Commercial mixed farming.
- Primitive subsistence farming.
- Intensive subsistence.
What are the 2 types of agriculture?
Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial, which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions. One of the most significant divisions between more and less developed regions is the way people obtain the food they need to survive.
What is the difference between agriculture and farming?
Agriculture is covering a vast area, including production, research and development, and farming is implementing agricultural activities. Also, it is the science or function of farming, including cultivating the soil for growing crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.
What are the 3 methods of farming?
Farming are three types:-
- Intensive subsistence farming:-
- Primitive subsistence farming:-
- Shifting cultivation:-
- Commercial grain farming:-
- Commercial mixed farming:-
- Commercial plantation farming:-
What are the 7 types of farming?
- Arable farming.
- Mixed farming.
- Subsistence farming.
- Shifting Cultivation.
- Plantation farming.
- Pastoral/Livestock farming.
- Nomadic farming.
What are the 5 types of agriculture?
Meaning and Types of Agriculture
- Shifting Cultivation (rotating crops).
- Intensive Pastoral Farming (focused on grazing animals).
- Subsistence Cultivation (seeking out a living; often done for consumption by family).
- Commercial Cultivation (usually focused on cash crops such as cocoa, cotton, palm oil, etc.
What are the 8 types of agriculture?
Types of Farming
- Arable Farming. Arable farming is a method that involves growing crops primarily in regions that have a warm climate across the year.
- Pastoral Farming.
- Mixed Farming.
- Commercial Farming.
- Subsistence Farming.
- Extensive and Intensive Farming.
- Nomadic Farming.
- Sedentary Farming.