What is convergent in science?

[ kən-vûr′jənt ] A tectonic boundary where two plates are moving toward each other. If the two plates are of equal density, they usually push up against each other, forming a mountain chain.

What does a divergent boundary form?

When two plates are moving away from each other, we call this a divergent plate boundary. Along these boundaries, magma rises from deep within the Earth and erupts to form new crust on the lithosphere. Most divergent plate boundaries are underwater and form submarine mountain ranges called oceanic spreading ridges.

What is an example of a divergent?

The definition of divergent is things that move in different directions or that are far apart from each other. An example of divergent are the ideologies of a liberal democrat and a conservative republican. An example of divergent is a path that splits off into two different directions.

What are 2 examples of divergent boundaries?

  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
  • Red Sea Rift.
  • Baikal Rift Zone – incipient plate boundary.
  • East African Rift – incipient plate boundary.
  • East Pacific Rise.
  • Gakkel Ridge.
  • Galapagos Rise.
  • Explorer Ridge.

What is convergent in science? – Related Questions

How do divergent plates move?

Divergent (Spreading):This is where two plates move away from each other. Molten rock from the mantle erupts along the opening, forming new crust. The earthquakes that occur along these zones, called spreading centers, are relatively small.

Where are divergent plates found?

Divergent boundaries are spreading boundaries, where new oceanic crust is created to fill in the space as the plates move apart. Most divergent boundaries are located along mid-ocean oceanic ridges (although some are on land).

What are 2 examples of convergent boundaries?

Examples of continent-continent convergent boundaries are the collision of the India Plate with the Eurasian Plate, creating the Himalaya Mountains, and the collision of the African Plate with the Eurasian Plate, creating the series of ranges extending from the Alps in Europe to the Zagros Mountains in Iran.

What are the 3 divergent plate boundaries?

False, because the correct statement is: There are three types of divergent plate boundaries, namely continental-continental, oceanic-continental, and oceanic-oceanic.

Which is an example of a divergent boundary 5 points?

Perhaps the best known of the divergent boundaries is the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. This submerged mountain range, which extends from the Arctic Ocean to beyond the southern tip of Africa, is but one segment of the global mid-ocean ridge system that encircles the Earth.

What are some examples of convergent boundaries?

Examples. The collision between the Eurasian Plate and the Indian Plate that is forming the Himalayas. Subduction of the northern part of the Pacific Plate and the NW North American Plate that is forming the Aleutian Islands. Subduction of the Nazca Plate beneath the South American Plate to form the Andes.

Which tectonic plates are convergent?

Typically, a convergent plate boundary—such as the one between the Indian Plate and the Eurasian Plate—forms towering mountain ranges, like the Himalaya, as Earth’s crust is crumpled and pushed upward. In some cases, however, a convergent plate boundary can result in one tectonic plate diving underneath another.

What is created by convergent boundaries of oceanic and oceanic crust?

A subduction zone is also generated when two oceanic plates collide — the older plate is forced under the younger one — and it leads to the formation of chains of volcanic islands known as island arcs. Examples include the Mariana Islands in the western Pacific Ocean and the Aleutian Islands, off the coast of Alaska.

What is a real world example of divergent boundary?

Explanation: The mid-Atlantic ridge lies mostly in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean and is the classic example of a divergent plate boundary. This tells us that a couple of large mantel plumes are at work below the Earth’s surface and these are gradually pulling the crust apart.

Do divergent boundaries cause earthquakes?

Divergent boundaries are associated with volcanic activity and the earthquakes in these zones tend to be frequent and small. Continental collisions result in the creation of mountains and fold belts as the rocks are forced upwards. Plates can move towards each other at a boundary.

What boundary causes earthquakes?

At convergent plate boundaries, where two continental plates collide earthquakes are deep and also very powerful. In general, the deepest and the most powerful earthquakes occur at plate collision (or subduction) zones at convergent plate boundaries.

Which characteristics describe divergent boundaries?

Divergent plate boundaries are characterized by shallow earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, a high topographic ridge, and very young lithosphere.

Which of the following best explains divergent plate boundary?

Which of the following best describes what happens at a divergent plate boundary? The plates separate from each other creating new crust in the process.

What is the difference between convergent and divergent plate boundaries?

Convergent boundary is formed when plates come towards each other whereas divergent boundary is formed when plates move away from each other.

Which two features are commonly found at divergent plate boundaries?

Answer and Explanation: The features most commonly associated with divergent boundaries between tectonic plates are rift valleys, ocean ridges, fissure volcanoes, and underwater mountain chains.

When an oceanic crust meets a continental crust What occurs?

When an oceanic plate converges with a continental plate, the oceanic crust will always subduct under the continental crust; this is because oceanic crust is naturally denser. Convergent boundaries are commonly associated with larger earthquakes and higher volcanic activity.

How do transform boundary movements affect the structure of the Earth?

The grinding action between the plates at a transform plate boundary results in shallow earthquakes, large lateral displacement of rock, and a broad zone of crustal deformation. Perhaps nowhere on Earth is such a landscape more dramatically displayed than along the San Andreas Fault in western California.


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