Acid rain, or acid deposition, is a broad term that includes any form of precipitation with acidic components, such as sulfuric or nitric acid that fall to the ground from the atmosphere in wet or dry forms. This can include rain, snow, fog, hail or even dust that is acidic.
What is acid rain in long answer?
Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction that begins when compounds like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air. These substances can rise very high into the atmosphere, where they mix and react with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to form more acidic pollutants, known as acid rain.
What is acid rain sentence?
Acid rain is rain polluted by acid that has been released into the atmosphere from factories and other industrial processes. Acid rain is harmful to the environment.
What are 3 causes of acid rain?
Answer: Formation of mineral acids such as carbonic acid, nitric acid, nitrous acid, and Sulphuric acid and their mixture with rain is the main cause of acid rain.
What is acid rain very short definition? – Related Questions
What are effects of acid rain?
Effects of Acid Rain on Plants and Trees
Dead or dying trees are a common sight in areas effected by acid rain. Acid rain leaches aluminum from the soil. That aluminum may be harmful to plants as well as animals. Acid rain also removes minerals and nutrients from the soil that trees need to grow.
Why acid rain is harmful?
Acid Rain Harms Forests
Acid rain that seeps into the ground can dissolve nutrients, such as magnesium and calcium, that trees need to be healthy. Acid rain also causes aluminum to be released into the soil, which makes it difficult for trees to take up water.
What are natural causes of acid rain?
Acid rain can be formed by natural causes, such as volcanic eruptions. More commonly, however, acid rain is due to human activities. Burning fossil fuels, manufacturing, oil refineries, electricity generation, and vehicles all release sulfur and nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere.
What are 3 ways to reduce acid rain?
One option is to use coal that contains less sulfur. Another option is to “wash” the coal to remove some of the sulfur. The power plant can also install equipment called scrubbers, which remove the sulfur dioxide from gases leaving the smokestack.
What are the 2 most common forms of acid deposition?
A more precise term is acid deposition, which has two parts: wet and dry. Wet deposition – refers to acidic rain, fog, and snow.
- the acidity of the water;
- the chemistry and buffering capacity of the soils involved;
- the types of fish, trees, and other living things that rely on the water.
What causes acid rain quizlet?
What causes acid rain? Acid deposition is caused when sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are emitted into our atmosphere. These chemicals SO2 and NOx, react with water, oxygen and other chemicals to form both sulphuric and nitric acids.
Which region is the most affected by acid rain?
Some acid rain occurs naturally, but sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions from smokestacks combine with rain to make sulfuric and nitric acid in amounts that harm the environment. The region of the United States most harmed by acid rain is the East Coast, including the Appalachian Mountains and the Northeast.
What are the primary sources of pollution?
mobile sources – such as cars, buses, planes, trucks, and trains. stationary sources – such as power plants, oil refineries, industrial facilities, and factories. area sources – such as agricultural areas, cities, and wood burning fireplaces. natural sources – such as wind-blown dust, wildfires, and volcanoes.
What is a natural source of air pollution?
natural sources, including volcanic eruptions, windblown dust, sea-salt spray and emissions of volatile organic compounds from plants.
What is sound pollution?
Noise pollution is an invisible danger. It cannot be seen, but it is present nonetheless, both on land and under the sea. Noise pollution is considered to be any unwanted or disturbing sound that affects the health and well-being of humans and other organisms. Sound is measured in decibels.
What is meant by indoor air pollution?
Indoor air pollution is dust, dirt, or gases in the air inside buildings such as your home or workplace that could be harmful to breathe in. Poor indoor air quality has been linked to lung diseases like asthma, COPD and lung cancer. It has also been linked to increased risk of heart disease and stroke.
What makes air pollution a global problem?
Because some air pollutants persist in the atmosphere and are carried long distances by winds, air pollution transcends local, regional, and continental boundaries, and it also may have an effect on global climate and weather.
What is pollution growth?
Studies of human growth and development in relation to pollution have increased in number and quality since the mid-twentieth century. Many studies have found that some pollutants have detrimental effects on human growth, particularly prenatal growth.
Why is air quality important to health?
Breathing clean air can lessen the possibility of disease from stroke, heart disease, lung cancer as well as chronic and acute respiratory illnesses such as asthma. Lower levels of air pollution are better for heart and respiratory health both long- and short-term.
What are the effects of pollution on human health?
Exposure to high levels of air pollution can cause a variety of adverse health outcomes. It increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer. Both short and long term exposure to air pollutants have been associated with health impacts. More severe impacts affect people who are already ill.
What effect does air pollution have on food crops forests and biodiversity?
Eutrophication, the process of accumulation of nutrients, including nitrogen, in water bodies, often results from air pollution. Nutrient overloads in aquatic ecosystems can cause algae blooms and ultimately a loss of oxygen, and of life. As ecosystems are impacted, so is the biological diversity.
How will air pollution affect the future?
If air pollution is not controlled, by 2030 the air will become so poisonous that it will be necessary to use an oxygen kit to breathe easily. Rising air pollution will also lead to premature aging. Human exposure to air toxins will increase to a great extent if air pollution is not controlled.