What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

The four different categories of infectious agents are bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. When studying these agents, researchers isolate them using certain characteristics: Size of the infectious agent.

Other common viruses include:

  • Common cold.
  • Norovirus.
  • Stomach flu.
  • Hepatitis.

What are the 6 types of infectious diseases?

6 infectious disease types that continue to burden US
  • Rima F.
  • Vaccine preventable diseases.
  • HAIs.
  • Zoonotic and vector-borne diseases.
  • Foodborne illness.
  • HIV and STIs.
  • Chronic hepatitis.
  • For more information:

What is the most common type of infectious disease?

Most Common Infectious Diseases in the U.S.
  • Chlamydia. 1/15. This sexually transmitted disease affects men and women.
  • Influenza A and B. 2/15. Sudden fever and chills, muscle aches, headache, tiredness, sore throat, congestion.
  • Staph. 3/15.
  • E. Coli.
  • Herpes Simplex 1. 5/15.
  • Herpes Simplex 2. 6/15.
  • Shigellosis. 7/15.
  • Syphilis. 8/15.

What are the different types of disease?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases? – Related Questions

What are 10 examples of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be any of the following:
  • Chickenpox.
  • Common cold.
  • Diphtheria.
  • E. coli.
  • Giardiasis.
  • Infectious mononucleosis.
  • Influenza (flu)

What are the different types of diseases and their causes?

Similarly, diseases are caused by different microorganisms and can be classified as diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses etc.

Disease-Causing Agents.

List of Diseases
Disease Causative Agent
Anthrax Bacillus anthracis
Whooping cough Bordetella pertussis
Human papillomavirus infection Human papillomavirus
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What are the 20 common diseases?

20 most commonly Googled diseases
  • Diabetes.
  • Depression.
  • Anxiety.
  • Hemorrhoid.
  • Yeast infection.
  • Lupus.
  • Shingles.
  • Psoriasis.

What are 2 main types of diseases?

Diseases can be grouped into two types: communicable , which are caused by pathogens and can be transferred from one person to another, or from one organism to another – in humans these include measles, food poisoning and malaria. non-communicable , which are not transferred between people or other organisms.

What are the 5 categories of diseases?

According to a very broad classification, diseases can also be classified under the following – physical diseases, mental diseases, infectious diseases, non- infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, inherited diseases, degenerative diseases, social diseases, self-inflicted diseases.

What are the 7 killer diseases?

With that said, there are many steps you can take to prevent these deadly diseases.
  • Overview.
  • Ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease.
  • Stroke.
  • Lower respiratory infections.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers.
  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.

What disease has no cure?

Some of the common medical conditions of people requiring care at the end of life include:
  • cancer.
  • dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.
  • advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease.
  • stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.
  • Huntington’s disease.
  • muscular dystrophy.

What are causes of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:
  • Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.
  • Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
  • Fungi.
  • Parasites.
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What 2 diseases have been eradicated?

So far, the world has eradicated two diseases — smallpox and rinderpest.

What vaccines are no longer needed?

14 Diseases Nearly Eliminated by Vaccines
  • Polio.
  • Smallpox.
  • Tetanus.
  • Hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis A.
  • Rubella (German measles)
  • Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b)
  • Measles.

What diseases do we not have a vaccine for?

Vaccine Nation: 10 most important diseases without a licensed
  • Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis)
  • Chikungunya.
  • Dengue.
  • Cytomegalovirus.
  • Hookworm infection.
  • Leishmaniasis.
  • Malaria.

What are the 5 types of vaccines?

The main types of vaccines that act in different ways are:
  • Live-attenuated vaccines.
  • Inactivated vaccines.
  • Subunit, recombinant, conjugate, and polysaccharide vaccines.
  • Toxoid vaccines.
  • mRNA vaccines.
  • Viral vector vaccines.

What is a live virus?

A live virus vaccine contains a live, weakened (attenuated) virus that helps your body develop an immune response without you developing symptoms of the disease it is intended to prevent.

What was the first vaccine?

Edward Jenner is considered the founder of vaccinology in the West in 1796, after he inoculated a 13 year-old-boy with vaccinia virus (cowpox), and demonstrated immunity to smallpox. In 1798, the first smallpox vaccine was developed.

Which vaccine is given at 0 Months?

National Immunization Schedule
Vaccine When to give
Hepatitis B – Birth dose At birth or as early as possible within 24 hours
Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) -0 At birth or as early as possible within first 15 days
Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) -1,2,3, 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks
Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) 1 & 2 6 weeks & 14 weeks

What vaccines Can I skip for baby?

Both delay vaccines, and one of them also allows parents to skip shots for measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), chickenpox, hepatitis A and polio.

When can newborn go outside?

According to most pediatric health experts, infants can be taken out in public or outside right away as long as parents follow some basic safety precautions. There’s no need to wait until 6 weeks or 2 months of age. Getting out, and in particular, getting outside in nature, is good for parents and babies.


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