How harmful are puberty blockers?

Puberty blockers are largely considered safe for short-term use in transgender adolescents, with known side effects including hot flashes, fatigue and mood swings. But doctors do not yet know how the drugs could affect factors like bone mineral density, brain development and fertility in transgender patients.

Do puberty blockers have long term side effects?

Delayed growth plate closure, leading to slightly taller adult height. Less development of genital tissue, which may limit options for gender affirming surgery (bottom surgery) later in life. Other possible long-term side effects that are not yet known.

What happens when you take puberty blockers?

Puberty blockers are medicines that prevent puberty from happening. They work by blocking the hormones — testosterone and estrogen — that lead to puberty-related changes in your body. This stops things like periods and breast growth, or voice-deepening and facial hair growth.

Do puberty blockers affect mental health?

After one year, we found that young people who began puberty blockers or gender-affirming hormones were 60% less likely to be depressed and 73% less likely to have thoughts about self-harm or suicide compared to youth who hadn’t started these medications.

How harmful are puberty blockers? – Related Questions

What age can you start puberty blockers?

For most children, puberty begins around ages 10 to 11, though puberty sometimes starts earlier. The effect of pubertal blockers depends on when a child begins to take the medication. GnRH analogue treatment can begin at the start of puberty to delay secondary sex characteristics.

Do puberty blockers stop periods?

Puberty blockers (also called suppressors) are medications that delay the changes that come with sexual maturity. These medications can stop menstrual periods and the growth of breasts, or stop the deepening of the voice and the growth of facial hair. Most effects of puberty blockers are reversible.

Do puberty blockers help with gender dysphoria?

Puberty blockers do not alleviate negative thoughts in children with gender dysphoria, finds study. However, as expected, the children experienced reduced growth in height and bone strength by the time they finished their treatment at age 16.

What are the long term effects of hormone therapy?

Certain hormone therapies increase the risk for other health concerns. They can include blood clots, stroke, cataracts, heart attacks, and strokes. They can also increase the risk for uterine cancer. It is important to note that there can be other side effects that are not listed here.

Are puberty blockers reversible study?

Are they reversible? The effects of puberty blockers are physically reversible. Puberty blockers only pause the production of testosterone and estrogen hormones. Once a person stops using this medication, their body begins production once more, leading to the development of breasts and facial hair.

How can I delay puberty naturally?

Slowing down childhood obesity and early puberty with exercise and nutrition
  1. Go to the doctor. Seek advise from your child’s pediatrician.
  2. Exercise, exercise, exercise!
  3. Beware of hormones in your food.
  4. Eat organic fruits and vegetables.
  5. Bake better.
  6. Be aware of the products you use.
  7. Drink plenty of water.
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What foods prevent early puberty?

Children with lower-nutrient diets tend to enter puberty earlier. A diet rich in processed foods and meats, dairy, and fast food is disruptive to normal physical development. Exposure to EDCs (endocrine-disrupting chemicals).

Does milk cause early puberty?

Fact: There is no scientific evidence that drinking milk causes early puberty. In the United States, girls are entering puberty at younger ages than they were in the first half of the 20th century.

Will early puberty affect height?

Children with precocious puberty may grow quickly at first and be tall, compared with their peers. But, because their bones mature more quickly than normal, they often stop growing earlier than usual. This can cause them to be shorter than average as adults.

What are the 5 stages of puberty?

Tanner stages summary
Tanner stages in males Age at the start Noticeable changes
Stage 2 Around age 11 Pubic hair starts to form
Stage 3 Around age 13 Voice begins to change or “crack”; muscles get larger
Stage 4 Around age 14 Acne may appear; armpit hair forms
Stage 5 Around age 15 Facial hair comes in

1 more row

What age is a late growth spurt?

Children reach puberty at different ages. Delayed puberty is when boys have little to no genital growth by age 14, or girls have no breast development by age 13, or no periods by age 16. You may also hear this called being a “late bloomer”. Delayed puberty may happen in children who have chronic medical conditions.

Why does my 4 year old have pubic hair?

During adrenarche, the adrenal glands, which sit on the kidneys, begin to churn out weak “male” hormones. That, in turn, can cause kids to develop some pubic hair, underarm hair and body odor. Those adrenal-related changes can happen in the absence of “true” puberty, Kohn explained.

Can babies be born with pubes?

Pubic hair of infancy is a rare condition that has not been well-characterized. A retrospective chart review of infants <12 months of age who presented to our pediatric endocrine clinics with isolated pubic hair over the last 5 years was performed. Eleven patients were identified (6 male and 5 female).

How long after pubic hair do periods start?

On age alone: Age 15 1/2 to 16 1/2 for whites, age 14 1/2 to 15 1/2 for blacks. If no breast or hair development: Age 13 to 14 for whites, age 12 to 13 for blacks. If there is breast development or hair (pubic or armpit)two years after either of these started.

Can baby girls have pubic hair?

—Public hair developing before age 1 year is rare and to our knowledge, development of pubic hair before age 6 months has not been previously reported. We describe our experience with three infant girls who developed pubic hair within the first year of life.

What are the first signs of puberty in a girl?

When your daughter starts to go through puberty, her gonads (ovaries) and adrenal glands (glands that sit on top of the kidneys) release hormones. These hormones cause the first signs of puberty, which are breast development, body odor, underarm hair, pubic hair and acne (pimples).

Why does my 6 year old have pubic hair?

Hormonal basis

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It is normal for production of these hormones to increase (something we call adrenarche) and for pubic hair to appear after age 8 in girls or 9 in boys. The reason why this increase occurs earlier in some children is not known.